Rapunzel s a European fairy tale most notably recorded by the Brothers Grimm and published in 1812 as part of Children's and Household Tales . The Brothers Grimm's story was developed from the French literary fairy tale of Persinette by Charlotte-Rose de Caumont de La Force (1698), which itself is an alternative version of the Italian fairy tale Petrosinella by Giambattista Basile. The tale is classified as Aarne–Thompson type 310 "The Maiden in The Tower" Its plot has been used and parodied in various media. Its best known line is, "Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your hair".