Since the early twentieth century, the word “Balkan” has become a common metaphor to describe chaotic and disorderly political behavior, social turmoil, and the absence of a civilized code of conduct.' Derived from a Turkish word that referred to the mountain chain stretching longitudinally through the peninsula,” the term “Balkan” and its various derivatives—” Balkanization,” “Balkan ghosts,” “Balkan hatreds”—have gained strong currency in political, popular, and academic discourses alike, to signify abject political and social fragmentation.

Amila Buturovié and Irvin Cemil Schick