Biray Kolluoğlu is Associate Professor of Sociology at Bogazic¢i University, Istanbul. She has published on late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century Izmir. Her research interests include historical sociology, nationalism, sociology of space and memory.

Meltem Toksöz is Assistant Professor of History at Bo§azic¢i University, Istanbul. She has published on the history of Ottoman Mersin, the port-city, and on the regional history of Cilicia. Her research interests include historiography, the social history of the commercial elites and the modernization of state and society in late Ottoman history.